Language Requirement

A PhD candidate must demonstrate a reading competence in a language other than English. This should be either French or another language useful or necessary in the student’s scholarly work. You may take a suitable undergraduate course to meet the requirement, so long as a grade of at least 70% is achieved. University-level courses at other institutions may also be used (with Departmental approval) to meet this requirement. Since the second language is to be used in thesis research, students should aim to satisfy the language requirement by the end of their second summer in the program, in the case of entrants from the MA, or the end of their third summer in the case of entrants from the BA.  The language requirement must be fulfilled at the end of year 3 as part of the pre-dissertation candidacy approval process.