Email Address



International Relations


Comparative Politics


Emanuel Adler

van der Linden, Clifton


The Technological Imperative in International Security


Cliff’s dissertation research examines the technological imperative in international security and its implications for global politics in the Information Age. Cliff is the director of Vox Pop Labs and the creator of Vote Compass, a democratic engagement application that has been used by millions of people in more than a dozen election campaigns worldwide. A former software developer and journalist, Cliff has held fellowships with Action Canada, the Munk School of Global Affairs, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. He is the recipient of the Sedra Distinguished Graduate Award and the Clarkson Laureateship for Public Service. Cliff regularly provides political analysis for major news media outlets worldwide and was recently named one of Toronto’s top young innovators by Post City Magazine.

Research Interests

Technology, new media, Big Data, artificial intelligence, public policy, public opinion, behavioural economics, political communication, elections, global governance, international security, international law, research methods

Previous Degrees

Hons. BA in Economics and Political Science (McMaster), MA in Journalism (Western)

Teaching Experience

Instructor, POL 380H1: International Security in the New World Order; Lecturer, PCS 260Y1: Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies; Teaching Assistant, POL 208Y1: Introduction to International Relations