University of Toronto Department of Political Science
Beyond the Border – A panel of U of T Experts in Canada-US Relations Discuss the New Border Agreement
A group of leading University of Toronto experts in Canada-US relations will provide insight into the proposed border agreement between the two nations at Beyond the Border, a panel event taking place at University College on February 1 at 5:00 p.m.
The new deal on bilateral trade and security has been called the most important of its kind since the North American Free Trade Agreement. Others describe the Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness Action Plan, announced by Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and US President Barack Obama on December 7, 2011, as “incremental and hypothetical.”
Debating the implications of the deal for border relations, economic integration, and security are:
Prof. Stephen Clarkson | Political Science | Canada-US Fulbright Scholar
Prof. Emily Gilbert | Canadian Studies & Geography | Author, “Borders and Security in North America”
Prof. John Kirton | Political Science | Cofounder & Director, G8 Research Group
Prof. Audrey Macklin | Faculty of Law |Author, “The State of Law’s Borders and the Law of States’ Borders”
Prof. Kent Roach | Faculty of Law | Author, September 11: Consequences for Canada
Moderated by Prof. Elspeth Brown, Centre for the Study of the United States
Wednesday, February 1 at 5:00 p.m.
Seating is available on a first-come, first-served basis.
About the Panelists
Stephen Clarkson is Professor of Political Economy at the University of Toronto. His research addresses the impact of globalization and trade liberalization on the Canadian state and the political economy of North America, with a particular focus on NAFTA and the WTO. He has recently published a trilogy on North American relations: Dependent America? How Canada and Mexico Construct US Power (2011, with Matto Mildenberger); Does North America Exist? Governing the Continent after NAFTA and 9/11 (2008);Uncle Sam and Us: Globalization, Neoconservatism, and the Canadian State (2002). Among his many other notable publications are A Perilous Imbalance: The Globalization of Canadian Law and Governance (2010 with Stepan Wood); and Trudeau and Our Times (1990 and 1994 with Christina McCall). Clarkson was the recipient of a Killan Research Fellowship and a Canada-US Fulbright Scholarship, and was a senior fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. He is a senior fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation, has been elected to the Royal Society of Canada, and is a member of the Order of Canada.
Emily Gilbert is an Associate Professor, cross-appointed between the Canadian Studies program at University College and the Department of Geography at the University of Toronto. She is Director of the Canadian Studies program and Interim Vice-Principal of University College. Her research addresses questions relating to, citizenship, security, militarism, migration, borders, monetary organization, and governance. Her recent work examines the ways that border risks–economic and social–are being used to discipline behaviour and promote new forms of citizenship practice. She has published on these topics in journals such as Society and Space, GeoJournal and Political Geography, and in collections of essay such as North America in Question, the Companion to Human Geography, and Observant States: Geopolitics and Visual Culture. She is the co-editor of two volumes: War, Citizenship, Territory (2008, with Deborah Cowen) and Nation-State and Money: The Past, Present and Future of National Currencies (1998, with Eric Helleiner).
John Kirton is an Associate Professor of Political Science, a Research Associate of the Centre for International Studies and a Fellow of Trinity College at the University of Toronto. He is the co-founder and the director of the G8 Research Group, established at the University of Toronto in 1987. In 1992-93, he served as a Special Projects Officer in Canada’s Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, devising a strategy for Canada’s G7 participation. Kirton is editor of the G8 and Global Governance Series published by Ashgate, which includes The G8′s Role in the New Millennium (co-edited with Michael Hodges and Joseph Daniels, 1999), Shaping a New International Financial System: Challenges of Governance in a Globalizing World (co-edited with Karl Kaiser and Joseph Daniels, 2000),Guiding Global Order: G8 Governance in the Twenty First Century (co-edited with Joseph Daniels and Andreas Freytag, 2001), New Directions in Global Economic Governance: Managing Globalization in the Twenty-First Century (co-edited with George von Furstenberg, 2001), and New Directions in Global Political Governance: The G8 and International Order in the Twenty-First Century (co-edited with Junichi Takase, in press). Professor Kirton is also co-editor, with Paolo Savona and Michele Fratianni, ofGoverning Global Finance: New Challenges, G7 and IMF Contributions (Global Finance series, Ashgate, 2002).
Audrey Macklin is a Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto. Her research and writing interests include transnational migration, citizenship, forced migration, feminist and cultural analysis, and human rights. She has published on these subjects in journals such as the University of Toronto Law Journal, the journal of the Institute for Research in Public Policy, Refuge, International Migration Review, and Canadian Woman Studies, and in collections of essays such as The Security of Freedom: Essays on Canada’s Anti-Terrorism Bill, Engendering Forced Migration and Women, Migration and Conflict. She is author of Cases and Materials in Canadian Immigration and Refugee Law (2007, with Emond-Montgomery). Professor Macklin has served as a member of the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board. In 1999, she participated in a government appointed fact-finding mission to Sudan to investigate the role of a Canadian oil company in exacerbating violations of human rights and humanitarian law in Southern Sudan. She has been active in the Omar Khadr case.
Kent Roach is a Professor of Law and Prichard-Wilson Chair of Law and Public Policy at the University of Toronto, with cross-appointments in criminology and political science. Professor Roach’s research interests include comparative studies of anti-terrorism law and policy, comparative study of miscarriages of justice and comparative study of judicial review and the role of courts. Professor Roach’s books include Constitutional Remedies in Canada (winner of the 1997 Owen Prize for best law book), Due Process and Victims’ Rights: The New Law and Politics of Criminal Justice (short-listed for the 1999 Donner Prize for best public policy book), The Supreme Court on Trial: Judicial Activism or Democratic Dialogue (short-listed for the 2001 Donner Prize), September 11: Consequences for Canada(named one of the five most significant books of 2003 by the Literary Review of Canada) and (with Robert J. Sharpe) Brian Dickson: A Judge’s Journey (winner of the 2004 J.W. Dafoe Prize for best contribution to the understanding of Canada). His most recent book is The 9/11 Effect: Comparative Counter-Terrorism published by Cambridge University Press in 2011. Professor Roach has frequently been involved in public inquiries. He also served on the research advisory committee for the Commission of Inquiry into the Actions of Canadian Officials in Relation to Maher Arar and for the Ipperwash Inquiry into the killing of Dudley George. In 2002, Professor Roach was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In 2008, the students at the Faculty of Law honoured Professor Roach with the Alan Mewett award for excellence in teaching. In 2010, he was honoured with a Lexpert Platinum Award for his pro-bono work.
If Canada and Mexico are so Necessary for US Security, Why are they so Impotent when Facing Washington’s Border Security Demands?
‘If Canada and Mexico are so Necessary for US Security, Why are they so Impotent when Facing Washington’s Border Security Demands?”
Speaker: Stephen Clarkson, Professor of Political Science, University of Toronto
Date: Thursday, February 2, 2012
Everyone welcome. No charge.
Structural Violence and State Building in East Asia
Friday, February 3, 2012
Register Online at: http://webapp.mcis.utoronto.ca/EventDetails.aspx?EventId=10804
Modern states in East Asia were formed out of traditional and colonial empires about 200 years after their European counterparts and 100 years after Latin American states. While modern East Asian states are much younger, cohesive and effective states are the norm in East Asia just as fragile and ineffective states are in Latin America. What explains East Asia’s more advanced level of state development despite its later entrance into modernity? Based on four cases (China, South Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam), this paper argues that war, capital and elite support for financing state building are not central to the postcolonial growth of cohesive states in East Asia. Rather, structural violence, which is violence motivated by ideologies and executed systematically with the goal of establishing long-term ideological and political hegemony, was the primary cause of cohesive states in the East Asian context.
Tuong Vu is Visiting Research Fellow, Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies, Princeton University, and Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Oregon. His book, Paths to Development in Asia: South Korea, Vietnam, China, and Indonesia (Cambridge, 2010) was selected by Asia Society as a 2011 Bernard Schwartz Award Honorable Mention.
Co-sponsored by the Department of Political Science, University of Toronto
Seminar Series: Carla Norrlof – America’s Global Advantage US Hegemony and International Cooperation
The Department of Political Science presents:
Carla Norrlof - “America’s Global Advantage US Hegemony and International Cooperation”
Date: Friday, February 3, 2012
Time: 2:00 – 3:30 p.m.
Reception (3:30 – 5:00 p.m.) to follow in SSH 3037
For over sixty years the United States has been the largest economy and most powerful country in the world. However, there is growing speculation that this era of hegemony is under threat as it faces huge trade deficits, a weaker currency, and stretched military resources. America’s Global Advantage argues that, despite these difficulties, the US will maintain its privileged position. In this original and important contribution to a central subject in International Relations, Carla Norrlof challenges the prevailing wisdom that other states benefit more from US hegemony than the United States itself. By analyzing America’s structural advantages in trade, money, and security, and the ways in which these advantages reinforce one another, Norrlof shows how and why America benefits from being the dominant power in the world. Contrary to predictions of American decline, she argues that American hegemony will endure for the foreseeable future.
Conference – http://quebecquestionconference.ca/
Date: February 7, 2012
The results of the 2011 general federal election – which featured the collapse of the Bloc Québécois, the rise of the NDP in Quebec, and the advent of a Conservative majority government with scant representation in Quebec and strong roots in the economically ascendant West – would in themselves be reason enough to examine the state and future of Quebec in the Canadian federation. However, if one sees these results as embedded in a larger national intellectual and policy-political context in which, two decades after the death of the Charlottetown Accord, an entire generation of political leaders and scholars outside of Quebec has developed without any sustained immersion in – or indeed instinct for – questions relating to the Constitution specifically and, arguably, Quebec in general, then the basis for renewed, new-century reflection on the “Quebec Question” acquires a far greater degree of relevance.
In Quebec – even leaving aside the watershed moment of the 1995 referendum – these same 20 years have, for many Francophone Québécois, seen the emergence and intensification of a collective imaginary that abstracts from Canada and the collective project. The consequence of this divergent imaginary is less the threat of a near-term national unity crisis than paralysis in the federal-provincial relations between Ottawa and Quebec, as well as general self-deterrence among leaders and thinkers about bold, new-century projects that will move the country forward in a fast-changing, ever complex world. An arguably facile assumption that Quebec will usually not be part of large-scale or ambitious pan-Canadian policy initiatives has set in among political and policy leaders in Ottawa and a number of provincial capitals. The degree to which such thinking is self-fulfilling is difficult to gauge.
With separatism far from dead (although many outside of Quebec may think it is) and a new Quebec provincial election scheduled for 2011-2012, the time is ripe for bringing together eminent thinkers and key players on Quebec and Canada-Quebec relations, as well as – by way of bridging the generations – emerging stars and future players on these matters to frame the “Quebec Question” for this early new century.